Camaro5 Chevy Camaro Forum / Camaro ZL1, SS and V6 Forums - Camaro5.com
 
Gen5DIY
Go Back   Camaro5 Chevy Camaro Forum / Camaro ZL1, SS and V6 Forums - Camaro5.com > Members Area > Off-topic Discussions

Reply
 
Thread Tools
Old 12-08-2008, 11:56 PM   #1
The_Blur
Jayhawk USN
 
The_Blur's Avatar
 
Drives: Demon Super Sport
Join Date: Nov 2007
Location: San Diego
Posts: 14,765
Send a message via AIM to The_Blur
Lightbulb POLS 663: "Revolutionary Failure"



Revolutionary Failure
In the history of political revolutions, many successful overthrows stand out from the bunch. The United States heroically stood against the semi-hegemonic British Empire to attain independence. The French brought down a Reign of Terror, a monarchy, and instilled in the population a tradition of revolutionary democracy. In Russia, the outstanding revolution is the rise of Bolshevik communism at the end of World War I; however, this revolution followed a rebellion in 1905. The Failed Revolution of 1905 represents a trend of Russian history; a change from despotism to communism, and eventually, to democracy in the late 20th century. The Failed Revolution of 1905 represents the uneasy political evolution of government in Russia. It would lay the framework for a future communist revolution and would perfectly exemplify the repressive tendencies of the existing regime. The Failed Revolution of 1905 would pit serfs against the Czar Nicholas II in a revolution with wide-ranging causes and implications.

It began in 1861 when Czar Alexander II emancipated serfs in Russia, laying the foundation for a rebellion to follow 44 years later (Poon). The emancipation began with a change in status from effectively enslaved to legally free, usually a source of celebration for the freed. For compensation for the land, however, the serfs were to pay compensation over a period of 49 years (Poon). During that time, the property would belong to the local village communities, and the peasants would pay a tax on the land that was not theirs to the village. In other words, the land produced a sort of double jeopardy in payments: one to the previous owner and one to the village.

Clearly, this is not what the peasants wanted. Instead of redistributing the wealth to the lower classes, this effectively kept the wealth in the upper class while allowing private use of land for the grandchildren of those who would witness Alexander II’s emancipation. This was exacerbated by the fact that the previous dues to the nobles were often less than the tax to the government (Poon). Moreover, the amount of land provided to the serfs was insufficient for keeping them above the poverty line. Alexander II had merely complicated the issue of serfdom in Russia, adding to it a mess of economic and property issues that would lay the groundwork for future communists to make their claims that a worker revolution would be necessary.

Even with a liberal czar came repression. When Nihilists tried to use mass media to identify the worst aspects of the Russian regime, Alexander II imprisoned editors, writers, Nihilists, and sympathizers. Fundamentally, the conservative structure of a czardom led to conservative behavior, even by a liberal Czar Alexander II. Regardless of what good his regime would do to modernize or improve Russian society, it was abundantly clear that growing resentment of the czar developed during and after the rule of Alexander II. Apparently, the liberal reforms of Alexander II may have brought out the evils of czardom when his policies changed from an emancipation of the serfs to repressionist tendencies. Over the course of Alexander II’s later years, terrorism and revolutionary behavior generally increased.

Alexander II’s son took the throne after revolutionaries killed him in 1881. Alexander III’s autocratic reign presented enough fear to reduce rebel behavior. Punishments were tough for those who did not even speak the enforceable Russian language. Terrorists would be treated worse. When Alexander II died, boiling hatred for the czardom in Russia had ample room to develop under Nicholas II. To this point, the seeds of rebellion have been planted with the liberal policies of a czar followed by simmering resentment over the fundamentally reactionary ideology of the czardom. All that was needed was a mobilized mass of citizens to start the revolutionary process.

Nicholas II created that spark when he signed an alliance with France that led to loans and a heavily industrialized proletariat (Poon). Of those serfs from his grandfather’s Russia, many and their children would become part of this simmering society seeking an overthrow. During this period, illegal worker strikes developed from 15-hour workdays and pay measuring around 30% of the pay workers in Britain received at the same time (Poon) By 1903, nearly 100,000 strikers took their grievances to the streets of Moscow and St. Petersburg. During this time, it was clear that political organization was possible even though it was illegal; therefore, both moderate and Marxist political parties formed to contest and even overthrow the autocratic czardom in Russia. In summary, the Failed Revolution of 1905 would pit the serfs against Czar Nicholas II’s regime in a worker rebellion.

Growing frustration with the autocratic regime led to organized political resistance. In order to divert the growing discontent with his regime, Nicholas II waged a miserable failure of a war with Japan in 1904 (A&E). Russian was simply not prepared for war with Japan. Due to catastrophic corruption in the government and awful military preparedness led to exactly the opposite of the unity that Nicholas II hoped a war would produce (A&E). Food prices skyrocketed, and unemployment became a growing issue. Historians tend to point to this as the direct cause of the Failed Revolution, but it could never have happened without previous discontent and the repression existent in Russia’s czardom.

Bloody Sunday marked the earliest point of the Failed Revolution. Although previous repressive tendencies and strikes presented themselves years before this, Bloody Sunday’s massacre single-handedly mobilized masses across Russia. Bloody Sunday began when Father Gapon, a trade union leader, rallied 135,000 workers to petition Czar Nicholas II on a variety of political and economic issues at the Winter Palace (Poon). In effect, that many individuals had already committed to the cause before any rebellion occurred. Over 150,000 peaceably marched to the Winter Palace with Father Gapon with the intention of resolving discontent (Poon). Safely, one deduces that Gapon’s intended to leave the czardom intact. Demonstrators displayed portraits of the czar and Orthodox saints before the Winter Palace.

Abruptly, guards of the palace fired on the crowd, killing over 100 demonstrators and wounding hundreds more (Poon). Revolt engulfed Russia on an impromptu basis. An organization, the All-Russian Peasant’s Union, organized in the effort to unite a class previously not allowed to politically organize. 3 million workers immediately went on strike (Poon). This was a clear sign that repression of this magnitude would no longer be tolerated by the peasantry. The overwhelming reaction against the czar led him to establish an advisory legislature, the Duma (Britannica). The Duma would be elected by landowners and other affluent members of a clearly classist society. While this represented a move toward democracy, it was not enough to bring a rioting Russia under control (Britannica). By this point, the Failed Revolution had lasted from 22 January all the way to September 1905.

Thus far, much of the rebellion included strikes by workers, riots, and political demands from a variety of groups, including liberal and communist groups. Between 20 September and 30 October, a general strike developed from a long series of strikes organized not by the rebels who had been seeking regime change but by ordinary workers (Britannica). They set up soviets to direct the strikes in major industrial areas, many of which would be under Menshevik influence. Their competition with the Bolsheviks would lead to Russia’s next great revolution.

With so many workers striking, it was apparent that a classist Duma was not adequate. Nicholas II signed the October Manifesto on 30 December, granting constitutional free press, free speech, free assembly, free religion, very inclusive suffrage, and that the Duma have legislative power (Poon). While leaders sought to benefit from further revolution, such as Leon Trotsky, the czardom’s sudden transition to a constitutional monarchy seemed to appease the demands of the Russian peasantry.

An evolutionary rebellion, the Failed Revolution of 1905 represents temporary success for the peasants whose demands were finally met at the cost of too many lives and political gain by what would become the dominant political force in Russia, the communists. An inspiring tale of sacrifice for freedom by the Russian peasantry, the conclusion is far from permanent. Over the next decade, political strife would continue to grow, and a revolution would take the throne from Nicholas II, Russia’s final czar (A&E). Without the events of the Failed Revolution, world history would be much different. Had the czar caved earlier, organized soviets may have never led to a future Soviet Union; countries beyond the iron curtain would have been free to develop into prosperous democracies; there would be no Sputnik, nor would there be the symbols of the Cold War and the competition that pitted Russia and the Warsaw Pact against NATO and the United States; Russia would never have invaded Afghanistan, leading to US support of al Qaeda, perhaps avoiding future terrorist attacks halfway across the world and years later. Though it is only conjecture, the possibility remains that nothing in the world would be the same 100 years later. While rights were temporarily granted to those who had fought so hard for them, their hard work would be in vain. By the end of World War I, their rights would be the property of a communist state, along with the land Alexander II granted that started it all.

Works Consulted
“1905: The Path to October.” Soviet propaganda poster. 1929. Hoover Institution. Online: http://www.hoover.org/publications/digest/3001926.html.
Poon, H. W. “The Russian Revolution of 1905.” 2007. The Corner. Online: http://www.thecorner.org/hist/russia/revo1905.htm.
"Russian Revolution of 1905." 2008. Encyclopædia Britannica. Online: http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/...lution-of-1905.
“This Day in History: Bloody Sunday Massacre in Russia.” 2008. A&E. Online: http://www.history.com/this-day-in-h...=Article&id=83.

This document and its contents belong to its corresponding author. Any other use of this document is prohibited. Copying its contents is plagiarism. This document was written by JCMB.
Attached Images
File Type: pdf POLS 663 Revolutionary Failure.pdf (626.3 KB, 135 views)
__________________
FM: The_Blur/1110/USN//
TO: Camaro5//
INFO: RDP Motorsport//GEN5DIY//Cultrag Performance//JPSS//Rodgets Chevrolet//
SUBJ: Operation Demon//
REF: Buy at Invoice, RACECARWEAR
1. RESPECT ALL CARS. LOVE YOUR OWN.//BT
warn 145:155 ban

Last edited by The_Blur; 12-09-2008 at 11:40 AM. Reason: disclaimer
The_Blur is offline   Reply With Quote
Old 12-09-2008, 12:03 AM   #2
zebra
just can't seem to leave
 
zebra's Avatar
 
Drives: your mom wild!!
Join Date: Oct 2008
Location: hot & windy
Posts: 10,577
i got through the first two paragraphs & decided it's too late to read this. will continue tomorrow.

ps - was this for a class?
__________________
zebra is offline   Reply With Quote
Old 12-09-2008, 10:43 AM   #3
The_Blur
Jayhawk USN
 
The_Blur's Avatar
 
Drives: Demon Super Sport
Join Date: Nov 2007
Location: San Diego
Posts: 14,765
Send a message via AIM to The_Blur
This is the final paper I have to write for college. It is due tomorrow. If anyone has any edits, feel free to present them. I was presented a long list of revolutions, rebellions, protests, and riots from which I chose this rebellion. While it is called a revolution, political scientists only call successful rebellions revolutions. If it is put down, then it is called a rebellion. This one began as a series of protests (strikes) and became much more substantial. Had this rebellion never occurred, the Bolsheviks would never have gotten control of soviets that would lead to Lenin, Stalin, and a variety of world events that would follow. This is the most important failure in recent history. Had it succeeded, we can only deduce that Russia would have been democratic or communism would have taken a different course in the years to follow.
__________________
FM: The_Blur/1110/USN//
TO: Camaro5//
INFO: RDP Motorsport//GEN5DIY//Cultrag Performance//JPSS//Rodgets Chevrolet//
SUBJ: Operation Demon//
REF: Buy at Invoice, RACECARWEAR
1. RESPECT ALL CARS. LOVE YOUR OWN.//BT
warn 145:155 ban
The_Blur is offline   Reply With Quote
Old 12-09-2008, 10:48 AM   #4
Camaro_Corvette
36.58625, -121.7568
 
Camaro_Corvette's Avatar
 
Drives: Team 1LE
Join Date: Mar 2008
Location: Earth
Posts: 23,681
Holy Crap:bangdesk: Sorry man I can't help you there. It looks good, I remember some of this from school but i've slept since then. It looks short, how long is this supposed to be , maybe its just the forum spacing.
__________________
I am seriously never serious vv V vv Next order of business
Camaro_Corvette is offline   Reply With Quote
Old 12-09-2008, 10:54 AM   #5
The_Blur
Jayhawk USN
 
The_Blur's Avatar
 
Drives: Demon Super Sport
Join Date: Nov 2007
Location: San Diego
Posts: 14,765
Send a message via AIM to The_Blur
Quote:
Originally Posted by camaro_corvette View Post
Holy Crap:bangdesk: Sorry man I can't help you there. It looks good, I remember some of this from school but i've slept since then. It looks short, how long is this supposed to be , maybe its just the forum spacing.
It actually spans 6 or 7 spaces depending on the font when double-spaced.
__________________
FM: The_Blur/1110/USN//
TO: Camaro5//
INFO: RDP Motorsport//GEN5DIY//Cultrag Performance//JPSS//Rodgets Chevrolet//
SUBJ: Operation Demon//
REF: Buy at Invoice, RACECARWEAR
1. RESPECT ALL CARS. LOVE YOUR OWN.//BT
warn 145:155 ban
The_Blur is offline   Reply With Quote
Old 12-09-2008, 11:03 AM   #6
Camaro_Corvette
36.58625, -121.7568
 
Camaro_Corvette's Avatar
 
Drives: Team 1LE
Join Date: Mar 2008
Location: Earth
Posts: 23,681
Tisk, Tisk. Your only supposed to use 12 font. Sometimes 12.1, 12.2, you know anything for that last couple lines. I was always told every paper should be double-spaced.
__________________
I am seriously never serious vv V vv Next order of business
Camaro_Corvette is offline   Reply With Quote
Old 12-09-2008, 11:29 AM   #7
The_Blur
Jayhawk USN
 
The_Blur's Avatar
 
Drives: Demon Super Sport
Join Date: Nov 2007
Location: San Diego
Posts: 14,765
Send a message via AIM to The_Blur
Quote:
Originally Posted by camaro_corvette View Post
Tisk, Tisk. Your only supposed to use 12 font. Sometimes 12.1, 12.2, you know anything for that last couple lines. I was always told every paper should be double-spaced.
Mine is 12-pt font. I usually don't bother to inflate my paper because I'd rather cover the topic in less pages to show that I can do a 10-page paper in 6 pages. Length isn't nearly as important as content.
__________________
FM: The_Blur/1110/USN//
TO: Camaro5//
INFO: RDP Motorsport//GEN5DIY//Cultrag Performance//JPSS//Rodgets Chevrolet//
SUBJ: Operation Demon//
REF: Buy at Invoice, RACECARWEAR
1. RESPECT ALL CARS. LOVE YOUR OWN.//BT
warn 145:155 ban
The_Blur is offline   Reply With Quote
Old 12-09-2008, 11:36 AM   #8
headpunter
Not That sad..considering
 
headpunter's Avatar
 
Drives: Man
Join Date: Aug 2007
Location: the part of washington the capital forgot about.
Posts: 3,747
Send a message via AIM to headpunter
how evil would it be to copy this to wikipedia so it would look like you juat copypasta'd it from there.....=P
__________________
headpunter is offline   Reply With Quote
Old 12-09-2008, 11:36 AM   #9
Camaro_Corvette
36.58625, -121.7568
 
Camaro_Corvette's Avatar
 
Drives: Team 1LE
Join Date: Mar 2008
Location: Earth
Posts: 23,681
^ I agree, it pisses me off when a teacher forces you to beat a subject to death and then some. I say if you can get your point out in half the pages, then go for it.
__________________
I am seriously never serious vv V vv Next order of business
Camaro_Corvette is offline   Reply With Quote
Old 12-09-2008, 11:39 AM   #10
The_Blur
Jayhawk USN
 
The_Blur's Avatar
 
Drives: Demon Super Sport
Join Date: Nov 2007
Location: San Diego
Posts: 14,765
Send a message via AIM to The_Blur
Quote:
Originally Posted by headpunter View Post
how evil would it be to copy this to wikipedia so it would look like you juat copypasta'd it from there.....=P
I'll repost it like this.
Attached Images
File Type: pdf POLS 663 Revolutionary Failure.pdf (626.3 KB, 127 views)
__________________
FM: The_Blur/1110/USN//
TO: Camaro5//
INFO: RDP Motorsport//GEN5DIY//Cultrag Performance//JPSS//Rodgets Chevrolet//
SUBJ: Operation Demon//
REF: Buy at Invoice, RACECARWEAR
1. RESPECT ALL CARS. LOVE YOUR OWN.//BT
warn 145:155 ban
The_Blur is offline   Reply With Quote
Old 12-09-2008, 11:41 AM   #11
headpunter
Not That sad..considering
 
headpunter's Avatar
 
Drives: Man
Join Date: Aug 2007
Location: the part of washington the capital forgot about.
Posts: 3,747
Send a message via AIM to headpunter
Quote:
Originally Posted by The_Blur View Post
I'll repost it like this.
=P
__________________
headpunter is offline   Reply With Quote
Old 12-09-2008, 01:28 PM   #12
Kyle2k
LVL 50 Troll Stomper
 
Kyle2k's Avatar
 
Drives: 2010 Camaro
Join Date: Feb 2008
Location: Indianapolis
Posts: 3,458
Quote:
Originally Posted by headpunter View Post
how evil would it be to copy this to wikipedia so it would look like you juat copypasta'd it from there.....=P
Do I hear an epic win?
__________________
Kyle2k is offline   Reply With Quote
Old 12-09-2008, 01:48 PM   #13
The_Blur
Jayhawk USN
 
The_Blur's Avatar
 
Drives: Demon Super Sport
Join Date: Nov 2007
Location: San Diego
Posts: 14,765
Send a message via AIM to The_Blur
Quote:
Originally Posted by Kyle2k View Post
Do I hear an epic win?
__________________
FM: The_Blur/1110/USN//
TO: Camaro5//
INFO: RDP Motorsport//GEN5DIY//Cultrag Performance//JPSS//Rodgets Chevrolet//
SUBJ: Operation Demon//
REF: Buy at Invoice, RACECARWEAR
1. RESPECT ALL CARS. LOVE YOUR OWN.//BT
warn 145:155 ban
The_Blur is offline   Reply With Quote
Old 12-11-2008, 08:01 PM   #14
CamaroSpike23
Truth Enforcer
 
CamaroSpike23's Avatar
 
Drives: anything I can get my hands on
Join Date: Sep 2006
Location: anywhere and everywhere
Posts: 22,828
Send a message via Yahoo to CamaroSpike23
Quote:
Originally Posted by Kyle2k View Post
Do I hear an epic win?
negative ghost rider...

lets all go to wiki and change stuff....
__________________
Never race anything you can't afford to light on fire and push off a cliff
A group as a whole tends to be smarter than the smartest person in that group until one jackass convinces everyone otherwise.
Quote:
Originally Posted by BowtieGuy View Post
Nobody makes CamaroSpike happy. You just disgust him a little less than other people.

Quote:
Originally Posted by WheelmanSS View Post
Post count is truly an accurate measure of how cool someone is on the Internet.
Quote:
Originally Posted by Greg Norris View Post
I piss excellence
and fart awesomeness
"You can think I'm wrong, but that's no reason to quit thinking.”
Quote:
Originally Posted by Overflow View Post
But not all people were born awesome like you, Spike.
CamaroSpike23 is offline   Reply With Quote
Reply

Tags
1905, pols 663, russian revolution

Thread Tools

Posting Rules
You may not post new threads
You may not post replies
You may not post attachments
You may not edit your posts

BB code is On
Smilies are On
[IMG] code is On
HTML code is Off

Forum Jump


All times are GMT -5. The time now is 07:16 AM.


Powered by vBulletin® Version 3.8.9 Beta 4
Copyright ©2000 - 2018, vBulletin Solutions, Inc.